The European Commission will open an investigation Ikea’s corporate taxes.
The Swedish furniture giant has one division based in the Netherlands, which the Commission says may have been given unfair tax breaks by the Dutch government.
European Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager said all firms “big or small, multinational or not, should pay their fair share of tax”.
It is the latest EU probe into aggressive tax avoidance measures by multinational firms.
In April the Commission ordered Amazon to pay €250m in back taxes to the Luxembourg government after ruling that a 2003 tax deal amounted to illegal state aid.
Commission investigators are reported to be looking at royalties paid by Ikea’s Dutch entity, Inter Ikea, to its subsidiary in low-tax Luxembourg between 2006 and 2010.
The EU’s competition chief has also asked Apple to provide details of its latest tax structure as regulators try to recover €13bn (£11.5bn) in back taxes to Ireland.
Ms Vestager told reporters last month she wanted to make sure Apple complies with EU rules. Ms Vestager ruled in August last year that Ireland had granted the company illegal state aid in the form of generous tax benefits which allowed the California-based company to pay almost no tax on a significant proportion of its global sales. Apple has appealed the decision.
The news came after leaked documents showed that Apple had chosen to move a subsidiary from Ireland to Jersey in order to continue avoiding billions in taxes, after an EU crackdown in 2013.